National Tea Day 2021
The world celebrates two TEA days a year... National Tea Day (December 15) and International Tea Day (May 21).
The five basic styles of tea are White Green Oolong Black and Pu'erh.
All tea comes from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant.
National Tea Day : December 15
An International Tea Day has been celebrated on December 15 since 2005 in tea producing countries like India Sri Lanka Nepal Vietnam Indonesia Bangladesh Kenya Malawi Malaysia Uganda and Tanzania. International Tea Day aims to draw global attention of governments and citizens to the impact of the global tea trade on workers and growers and has been linked to requests for price supports and fair trade.
International Tea Day : May 21
Re-emphasizing the call from the Intergovernmental Group on Tea to direct greater efforts towards expanding demand particularly in tea-producing countries where per capita consumption is relatively low and supporting efforts to address the declining per capita consumption in traditional importing countries the General Assembly decided to designate 21 May as International Tea Day.
The Day will promote and foster collective actions to implement activities in favour of the sustainable production and consumption of tea and raise awareness of its importance in fighting hunger and poverty.
Tea production and the Sustainable Development Goals
Tea production and processing contributes to the reduction of extreme poverty (Goal 1) the fight against hunger (Goal 2) the empowerment of women (Goal 5) and the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems (Goal 15).
Moreover there is an urgent need to raise public awareness of the importance of tea for rural development and sustainable livelihoods and to improve the tea value chain to contribute to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Why drink tea?
Tea is a beverage made from the Camellia sinesis plant. Tea is the world's most consumed drink after water. It is believed that tea originated in northeast India north Myanmar and southwest China but the exact place where the plant first grew is not known. Tea has been with us for a long time. There is evidence that tea was consumed in China 5000 years ago.
Tea production and processing constitutes a main source of livelihoods for millions of families in developing countries and is the main means of subsistence for millions of poor families who live in a number of least developed countries.
The tea industry is a main source of income and export revenues for some of the poorest countries and as a labour-intensive sector provides jobs especially in remote and economically disadvantaged areas. Tea can play a significant role in rural development poverty reduction and food security in developing countries being one of the most important cash crops.
Tea consumption can bring health benefits and wellness due to the beverage's anti-inflammatory antioxidant and weight loss effects. It also has cultural significance in many societies.
Tea and climate change
Tea production is highly sensitive to changes in growing conditions. Tea can only be produced in narrowly defined agro-ecological conditions and hence in a very limited number of countries many of which will be heavily impacted by climate change.
Changes in temperature and rainfall patterns with more floods and droughts are already affecting yields tea product quality and prices lowering incomes and threatening rural livelihoods. These climate changes are expected to intensify calling for urgent adaptation measures. In parallel there is a growing recognition of the need to contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing carbon emissions from tea production and processing.
Therefore tea-producing countries should integrate climate change challenges both on the adaptation and mitigation front into their national tea development strategies.
How to make the perfect cuppa
To make the perfect black tea:
Always use freshly drawn water and so only fill your kettle with the amount you need
For black tea use water at 100 degrees Celcius
Brew the tea leaves for 3-5 minutes depending on the style of tea and where it comes from plus your own individual taste
Choose your cup pour the tea take time to inhale and appreciate the aromas created by the fresh brew
When taking tea with milk always add the milk to the cup first for a smoother richer flavour
If sugar takes your fancy add that.
"Then sip taste and enjoy" says Lyons. "That to me is what making a cup of tea is all about."
By tea expert David Lyons
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❊ When & Where ❊
Date: Wednesday 15th December 2021
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